The term"L6B" was first described in Central Europe by Karl Casar von Leonhard (1823/24) who reported yel- lowish brown, silty deposits along the Rhine valley near Heidelberg. From 133 cm upwards the stagnic Luvi- sol is overlain by a (sandy) loess colluvium showing weak cambic properties (Tab. The organic content assessed ranges from weak to very weak humic. 1982) and organic nitrogen using the Kjeldahl procedure. (2007b): Lumineszenzdatierungen an limnischen Sedimenten von Klinge/Kreis Forst. The D e -s calculated using the p IRIR 225 from feldspar range from 64.9 ± 2.3 Gy to 921 ± 41 Gy.
Charles Lyell (1834) brought this term into widespread usage by observing similarities between loess and loess derivatives along the loess bluffs in the Rhine and Mississippi. The profile Kartof- felfeld is vertically subdivided (IUSS 2006) into the horizons Ap-Bwl-Bw2-Bw3-2Btb/Bgbl-2Bwbl/Bgbl-3Bwb2/Bgb2/C (Fig. By applying the German soil classification system (KA5 2005) the sequence of horizons can be described as Ap (0-30 cm) /M (30-54 cm) /M (54-82 cm) /M (82-110 cm) / Swd-Bt (110-133 cm) /Swd-Bv (133-138 cm) /Swd-Bv (138- E&G/Vol. Major (Al, Fe, and Mn) and trace (S, Cr, Cu, Pb, Zn, Co, Ni, Cd, Sr, Hg, V) elements were determined using an X-ray fluores- cence (XRF) spectrometer (Spectro Xepos-Benchtop-Roent- genfluoreszenz-Spektrometer) equipped with a Rh tube (Chen et al. Quality control of the analytical proce- dure was established using three internationally recognized standard reference materials (SRMs) viz., ISE, BCSS-1, and MESS-1. The D e values are in average -20% higher than those obtained using the IR 50 .
Pawlik & Thissen (this issue) present results from a Middle Palaeolithic archaeological layer in the open cast brown coal mine Inden, which they correlate to the Eemian interglacial. The calculated age estimates of Degering & Krbetschek (2007a) are un- derestimating our results significantly. (2008): Optical dating of an Eemi- an site in Northern Russia using K-feldspar. They could even- tually be contaminated with older material, which would lead to an age overestimation.
The studied artefacts give evidence for birch pitch fixed tools, either as hafted impliments fixed with birch pitch onto shafts or being used for successive haft- ing-and-retroling activities. One possible reason might be field saturation of their signal, i.e. Therefore the ages have to be regarded more carefully.
The chronostratigraphi- cal units show little or no age increase with depth indicat- ing fast accumulation of sediment and fast formation of the soils; similar observations were made for the Early Weichse- lian record at the Tonchesberg section (Boenigk & Frechen 2001). 6 Conclusion We have investigated the application of luminescence dat- ing to maar lake sediments from the dry maar Jungfern- weiher in the West Eifel volcanic field by using quartz OSL and two different protocols for feldspar IRSL. (1984): Die Maare im Vulkanfeld der Westeifel, ihr geo- physikalischer Nachweis, ihr Alter und ihre Beziehung zur Tektonik der Erdkruste. Bibus, Rahle & Wedel (1996, 2002) provid- ed a detailed description of the latter ones from the Mainz- Weisenau section and Frechen & Preusser (1996) provide TL and IRSL age estimates ranging from 68-113 ka for these deposits. 1.12 / ©Authors / Creative Commons Attribution License 187 E&G Quaternary Science Journal Volume 60 / Number 1 / 2011 / 188-202 / DOI 10.3285/eg.60.1.13 SCIENCE MEDIA ISSN 0424-7116 Late Pleistocene-Holocene History of Chaco-Pampa Sediments in Argentina and Paraguay Wolfgang Kruck, Fabian Helms, Mebus A. Due to the vast extension of the area, satellite images are the clue to synthesize previous and new multidisciplinary geoscientific results to set up a more reliable regional picture.According to Pye (1995) four fundamental requirements are necessary for it formation: a dust source, adequate wind en- ergy to transport the dust, a suitable accumulation area, and a sufficient amount of time. (2000): Luminescence dating of quartz us- ing an improved single aliquot regenerative-dose protocol. The Ap and the Bgl horizon are developed in a loess colluvium (M-Go). 01 /© Authors / Creative Commons Attribution License Eutric Histosols Cambisols Gleysols Luvisols Stagnic Luvisols Podzols, Cambisols Fig. 2.2 Sedimentological and pedological analysis The texture of the horizons was determined by the hydrome- ter method (van Reeuwijk 1992). (2004): Luminescence dating of quaternary sediments: re- cent advances. D e values obtained for the IR 50 increase clearly with depth from sample Weil to sample Wei5.During the Quaternary, loess and loess-like sediments were formed in periglacial environ- ments on mid-continental shield areas in Europe and Siberia, on the margins of high mountain ranges like in Tajikistan and on semi-arid margins of some lowland deserts like in China. The profile Kartoffelfeld (53.08°N, 10.52°E) is located northeast of the village of Seedorf at 47.80 m a.s.l on an el- evated plateau (Figs. The basal part of the 1.70 m thick profile is made up by Saalian glacial till underlain by glaciofluvial sands; the soil type developed on the silty sands is a stagnic Luvisol. For physico-chemical anal- ysis, the same samples were taken and analyzed for their p H in a 1:2.5 0.01 M Ca Cl 2 -suspension, for organic carbon (C org ) according to the Walkley-Black procedure (Page et al. (2003): Distinguishing quartz and feldspar in single grain luminescence measurements. The values obtained for sample Wei6 and Wei7 do not increase considerably with depth indicating that this signal is in field saturation at -400 Gy.At that time it was thought that the yel- lowish brown silt-rich sediment was of fluvial origin being deposited by the large rivers. (1834): Observations on the loamy deposits called "loess" of the ba- sin of the Rhine. (this issue): Loess-Palaeosol-Sequences from the loess area of Saxony (Germany). Based on these standards, the accuracy and preci- sion of the analysis were within 1% for major elements and within 5% for trace elements. (2007a): Dating of Interglacial Depos- its by Luminescence Methods. (Eds.): The Climate of Past Interglacials, Elsevier: 157-172. The p IRIR 225 does not show evidence of field saturation (equilibrium between the accumulation of new charge and the loss by anomalous fading), and in- creases with depth.It took until the end of the 19 th century until the aeolian origin of loess was recognized (Virlet D Aoust 1857), especially the convincing observa- tions of loess in China by Ferdinand von Richthofen's (1878). - Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 17: 110-113, 118-120. Oxalate Fe and dithionite Fe d extractable iron (Holmgren 1967) were measured by induc- tively coupled plasma spectrometry (ICP). The characteristic saturation doses (D ) are about -450 Gy for the IR 50 and the p IRIR 225 .
See full list and special prices of available numbers on page 207. (1990): Loess is not just the accumulation of dust. Sandlbssgebiete sind durch Kreuzschraffur markiert. 1 = Niederrhein; 2 = Recklinghausen; 3,4 = Soester Borde; 5 = Milnster; 6 = Ber- senbriick; 7 = Damme; 8 = Wehden; 9 = Wunstorf, Rehurg; 10 = Goldenstedt; 11 = Syke; 12 = Apensen; 13 = Harburg; 14 = Garlsdorf; 15 = Uelzen, Bevensen; 16 = Clenze; 17 = Bergen, Jettebruch; 18 = Wittingen; 19 = Klotze; 20 = Peine, Braunschweig; 21 = Helmstedt; 22 = Haldensleben; 23 = Magdeburg E&G/Vol. The prevailing soil types in the floodplains are Gley- sols developed on alluvial deposits and Histosols that are mainly used as pasture, and stagnic Luvisols that are wide- spread at higher elevations and support arable agriculture (Fig. The upper layers/horizons of the soils in both topo- graphic positions are characterized by colluvial cover de- posits. 4a and b) confirming the results of Buylaert et al. Recycling ratios for the samples range from 0.98 ± 0.03 to 1.01 ± 0.003 for the IR 50 and from 0.91 ± 0.04 to 0.99 ± 0.003 for the p IRIR 225 . To test the applicability of the post-IR IRSL protocol using a stimulation temperature of 225°C, the dose recovery ratio was measured for all samples (Murray & Wintle, 2003). B£ Weil Wei2 Wei3 We H Wei S Wei6 Wei7 Sample ID Fig.5: Dose recovery test (a) and the residual doses (b)for the IR 50 and the p IRIR 225 signal for all samples. If the SAR protocol is suitable, the meas- ured to given dose ratio should be close to 1. 5a shows the results of the dose recovery test for all samples for the IR 50 and the p IRIR 225 .