Dating republic de
Under Augustus, Rome began to invade Germania (an area extending roughly from the Rhine to the Ural Mountains).
In 9 AD, three Roman legions led by Varus were defeated by the Cheruscan leader Arminius.
is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe.
It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate.
During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward.
In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire.
It is a developed country with a very high standard of living sustained by a skilled and productive society.
It upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, and a tuition-free university education.
This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz "popular" (see also the Latinised form Theodiscus), derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- "people", from which the word "Teutons" also originates.
The Neander Valley was the location where the first ever non-modern human fossil was discovered; the new species of human was called the Neanderthal.
The finds include 42,000-year-old bird bone and mammoth ivory flutes which are the oldest musical instruments ever found, The Germanic tribes are thought to date from the Nordic Bronze Age or the Pre-Roman Iron Age.